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Periodontology studies the anatomical tissues of the marginal periodontium, the physiology, as well as the conditions that affect it and the possibilities of healing.
Periodontal disease or the well-known term periodontitis can start in a milder form that is gingivitis, or in a more aggressive form that, if left untreated, can lead to tooth loss.
Gingivitis most often occurs due to poor hygiene and can lead to a more advanced form if not treated in time. Aggressive marginal periodontitis progresses rapidly through the loss of the supporting tissue of the tooth. As a result of this process, the gums retract, the roots are exposed, they are accompanied by sensitivity, the teeth become mobile and longer visually, and periodontal pockets and halena appear.
Ignored, this disease limits the possibilities of treatment. It is important to remember that this condition is an irreversible one, it can only be stopped from evolving, if the patient presents to the dentist in a timely manner. The possibilities of regeneration can be achieved with bone addition materials or by radical methods, respectively tooth extraction.
The first symptoms of periodontal disease:
– Halena (shortness of breath)
– Presence of gingivitis with symptoms specific to the condition (bleeding, sensitivity during brushing)
– Gingival retraction sometimes accompanied by gingival itching
– Bone resorption
– Thermal sensitivity
– Grade I mobility
Prevention with the help of constant sanitization (scaling, surfacing and professional brushing), regular consultations at the dentist, as well as compliance with brushing twice a day, helps us avoid unwanted symptoms of periodontitis.